2.3. Access to Education
Printed textbooks and instructional materials used in the classroom should be converted to a format that students with vision impairment can access as part of the general curriculum. Such students may require one or more specialized formats including:
|Large print||Providing the same content as a standard print in larger font sizes|
|Braille||A tactile system of reading and writing that is made up of a series of raised dots that is read by using one’s fingers to read from left to right over a line of braille.|
|Audio||Providing content as speech with the choice to control pitch, volume, and speed.|
|Digital format||Providing the content in a device (computer or mobile, etc) supported format. Depending on the technology and/or the software that is used, the user can control the size, fonts, colors, and contrast to accommodate their specific needs. Supported reading software with text-to-speech can provide audio and visual components.|
When such specialized materials are paired with support for proper use, matched to a student’s unique learning needs and combined with good instructions, the student does not feel excluded.
The following video is a satirical take on the inaccessible education system in USA for persons with visual impairment.
In India, specialized accommodations for students with vision impairments are few and far in between, especially in higher education settings.
Here is a video of one such rare initiative by IIM-Bangalore to include students with diverse abilities on their campus and in their educational programmes.